Download Citation on ResearchGate | Creative and mental growth / [by]Viktor Lowenfeld | Incluye bibliografía }. Creative and Mental Growth has 48 ratings and 1 review. Children are the essence of this book, but more than that, they are the essence of society. Creat. It is fascinating to realize that as children grow and experience the world in both physical and psychological settings, their physical, mental, and creative growth.

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Since the creativr desires for, and needs of, expression change with his development and growth, it becomes evident that he will identify with diflferent art media during different developmental lowenfed. If one period changed, the style changed with its spirit. It bothers us to keep things all to ourselves, to have them eat into us. Perfection grows with the urge for expression.

Yet it has also been shown how such an integrative process may have its starting point in correlating different subjects. It is a false security into which she escapes whenever she cannot do justice to a situation.

This knowledge cannot be achieved without a thorough study of what we can expect in modes of expression in the different age groups and on the different mental levels. Both kinds of thinking should be developed, and certainly the creative arts become extremely important in our educational system if only because the arts stress divergent thinking, in which there are no right answers, and any number of possible solutions to problems or any number of outcomes in painting or drawing are correct.

The understanding of children’s creative works will not only differ from individual to individual but also from one stage of development to the other. Allen Barkkume rated it liked it Nov 28, Figure 90; Barrett Gallagher, photographer. This early exposure to the visual and performing arts led him to a career devoted to the practice of educating himself and the public in art. At that time it would not only be quite out of place but superficial to divide the group into smaller groups and motivate them to work with different materials.

This is the very opposite of being rigid, or stuck in the rut. Such accidents could be of a happy nature if the child could make active use of them as visual stimuli. A question is sometimes raised as to whether children are not restricted in their creativeness when the teacher is using classroom motivations, that is, when the whole group is motivated by one experience. The teacher must make himself acquainted with the physical and psychological needs of the child. How would you feel if you were purple?


In using imitative means, then, it is educationally im- portant that teachers become aware of how imitation is used. Many were inspired by his contagious enthusiasm.

Our tendency to develop the capacity to regurgitate bits of information may be putting undue emphasis on but one factor in human development, that which is now measured by the intel- ligence tests.

For our children art should become their friend to whom they turn with their joys and sorrows, their andd and lowenfled, whenever words become inadequate. McDonald rated it really liked it Feb 21, We cannot expect confidence from our youth in one aspect of our advancing society if we show distrust in another. To try to boost the child’s confidence in his drawing lowenfld would only increase the child’s frustration. The easier it is for the child to include himself in a given situation, the more readily will he identify with it.

Creative and Mental Growth

Yet self-introduced repetition is of great importance to the child, vrowth it is a reflection of his need for finding order within his environment. Both design and subject matter remain isolated. Thus, when art expression reaches the realm of conscious art approaches, it becomes a specific art medium, suitable for a very definite type of self-identification. Crestive coloring the workbook birds, the child has lost his creative sensitivity and self-reliance.

It is to be hoped that neither of us would end our appreciative experience there, but we would nonetheless begin there. The Meaning of Art for Education 15 the teacher has extended the frame of reference creativw the child’s stereo- typed meaningless airplane symbol to an expression of meaningful variety of airplanes, from a meaningless background area to a gtowth space that has become part of the child’s experience.

Children learn to walk without an intellectual understanding of the motor control involved. Cody Wheelock rated it did not like it May 19, Altogether learning is very complex. Leaning toward others, dependency, sdffness. This is highly significant and is true for all levels of teaching.


The reason for this increasing lack of ability for self-identification may be found in certain trends in industry and also in education. Helen rated it it was amazing Sep 16, Self-identification with the means of expression for grpwth purpose of a better appreciation of creative works may appear to be difficult for one who is not producing creatively.

Creative and Mental Growth – Viktor Lowenfeld, William Lambert Brittain – Google Books

But this does not mean that we should adjust their diets to sweets. In any class we will find children who are undernourished or less healthy than normal. It embraces the understanding of social, intellectual, emotional, and psychological changes with the creative needs of the child.

We have defined creatvie as the appropriate mode of expression according to the mental level of the child. Many elementary school teacher preparation programs used this book since it described characteristics of child art. This is certainly basic in an art experience.

Viktor Lowenfeld – Wikipedia

This comprehension, however, is geared to the individual and his growing sensitivity to mean- ingful aesthetic discoveries and not to an evaluation of the aesthetic product.

No child should be thought of as “uncreative. However, in the field of art, originality is stressed; responding in usual or common ways is not necessarily the best answer. Sheryl rated it liked it Nov 01, Open Preview See a Problem?

How would wood “feel” when covered with paint. This is as clearly evident in the minds of artists as it is in the minds of educators and psychologists.

Whereas the emphasis in art education is on the effect that the creative processes have on individuals, it is the aesthetic value of the end product that is of im- portance in the fine arts.